BMW E30, Second generation, 1982–1991, BMW kockica

bmw-e30-1


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The E30 was sold from 1982 through 1991 in coupe form, 1983 through 1991 in saloon form, and through 1993 in convertible form. Four-cylinder and six-cylinder petrol engines were used, with a six-cylinder diesel added in 1985. In 1986, the first all-wheel drive 3-series was produced, called the 325iX. The E30’s introductory price was nearly double that of the E21 just seven years earlier.[citation needed]

1990-1991_BMW_318is

 

Initially released as a two-door coupe, the four-door saloon body style was added to the 3-series lineup in September 1983. In 1986, the station wagon (“touring”) body style became available.

The first BMW M3 was the E30 M3 coupe, which was released in 1987 and uses the S14 four-cylinder engine.
BMW_318i_(E30)_2-door_sedan_01
The E30 3-series was penned by Claus Luthe in 1978, the designer of the NSU Ro 80.[3] It was produced as four and two door (often referred to as a “coupe”) saloons, two-door convertible (the M3 cabriolet was only offered for the European market), cabriolet by Baur and five-door estate (marketed as the “touring”)

The BMW M3 utilised a widened and heavily redesigned variation of the 2-door body style. The M3 shares few body parts with other E30 models;[4] however, many M3 parts can be used on the other body styles and are interchangeable offering the consumer an OEM upgrade.

Following on from the E21, at the launch of the E30 range in 1982 it was fitted with M10 straight-4 and M20 straight-6 engines.[8] Over the production run, the M10 was replaced with the M40 and M42, the M20 received various upgrades and the BMW S14 engine was introduced in the M3.

 

BMW_E30_front_20080127

4-cylinder
At the launch of the E30 range in 1982, the 316 used a 1,766 cc M10 fed by a carburetor and producing 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp), this engine allowed BMW to offer a cheap, entry-level car in the range. The 318i had the same M10 engine, but with Jetronic fuel injection, pushing power to 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) while also improving fuel economy.

The 1987 “Series 2″ update introduced a new four-cylinder SOHC engine, the 1,796 cc (M40B18) with 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp). This engine incorporated Motronic fuel injection, hydraulic valves adjusters and a belt-driven cam. The 316 was replaced by the 316i, which used a 1,596 cc M40B16, producing 75 kW (102 PS; 101 hp). Not quite as torquey as the 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) 1,766 cc M10 it replaced. Nevertheless, it offered superior performance. In South Africa and perhaps some other markets, the old M10-powered 316 continued until 1991, gaining the new bumpers when the range was updated. The 316i model (and previous 316 model) was not sold in Australia, where the base model was the 318i.

The 318iS coupe was released in 1989, soon followed by the 318i sedan and 318iC convertible.[8] These models introduced a new engine, the chain-driven DOHC M42 1.8 L 16-valve engine w. This is the most modern engine available in the E30 range, incorporating the updated Bosch Motronic 1.3, hydraulic valve adjusters and four individual coil packs which resulted in a very high hp per liter as well as reasonable fuel economy (33mpg) and CO2 emissions (190 g/km). The excellent weight distribution of the 318iS has led to frequent comparisons with the famous E30 M3. Nicknames include “mini M3″ or “poor man’s M3.”

The M3 is powered by the BMW S14 engine, a high-revving motorsport engine.

6-cylinder[edit]
At the launch of the E30 range, the 320i (2.0 L M20 with 92 kW (125 PS; 123 hp)) and 323i (2.3 L M20 with 105 kW (143 PS; 141 hp)) were available, both using Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection. These models were not sold in North America, presumably for emissions reasons. In 1985, the 323i was replaced with a 2.5 L version of the M20, which produced 126 kW (169 hp) and used Bosch Motronic fuel injection.[9] This engine was available in the 325i variants (including the all-wheel drive 325iX).

An economy version called the 325e (the e signifying efficiency) was released as a lower revving, more fuel efficient engine. To maximise low-rev torque, the engine was the largest available in the chassis (aside from the rare South African version which was available with the 3.3 L M30). The 2.7 L had a longer stroke than the 2.5 L, with a more restrictive head, four cam bearings instead of seven (less internal friction), and single valve springs where the 2.5l had doubled up springs. This resulted in 90 kW (122 PS; 121 hp) at 4250 rpm and, more importantly, 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) at 3250 rpm (peak torque for a 325i is 215 N·m (159 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm).

The 1987 “Series 2″ update boosted the 320i to 95 kW (129 PS; 127 hp) and the 325i to 126 kW (171 PS; 169 hp) and improved fuel economy.

1982-1987 316 – 1.6 L, 90 KS (66 kW)
1982-1990 316 1.8 -1.8 L, 90 KS (66 kW)
1987-1993 316i – 1.6 L, 102 KS (75 kW)
1982-1987 318i – 1.8 L, 105 KS (77 kW)
1987-1993 318i – 1.8 L, 115 KS (85 kW)
1989-1991 318is – 1.8 L, 136 KS (100 kW)
1982-1985 320i – 2.0 L, 125 KS (92 kW)
1985-1991 320i – 2.0 L, 129 KS (95 kW)
1988-1990 320is – 2.0 L, 192 KS (141 kW)
1982-1986 323i – 2.3 L, 150 KS (110 kW)
1985-1991 325i – 2.5 L, 170 KS (125 kW)
1986-1991 325iX – 2.5 L, 170 KS (125 kW)
1986-1988 M3 – 2.3 L, 200 KS (147 kW)
1989-1991 M3 Evo – 2.3 L, 215 KS (158 kW)
1985-1991 324d – 2.4 L, 86 KS (63 kW)
1987-1991 324td – 2.4 L, 115 KS (85 kW)
Ostala tržišta
1984-1985 318i – 1.8 L, 101 KS (75 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1991 318iS – 1.8 L, 134 KS (100 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1984-1991 325e – 2.7 L, 121 KS (90 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1986-1991 325es – 2.7 L, 121 KS (90 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1987-1991 325i/is – 2.5 L, 168 KS (125 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1988-1991 325ix – 2.5 L, 168 KS (125 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1988-1991 M3 – 2.3 L, 192 KS (143 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1984-1990 333i – 3.2 L, 197 KS (145 kW) – Južna Afrika
M20B25_E30_325i

E30

1988-1991 BMW 318i (E30) 2-door sedan 01.jpg
Overview
Production 1982–1991
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
2-door convertible
4-door saloon
5-door touring
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / All-wheel drive
Related BMW M3
bmw-e30-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Mit dem Werkscode BMW E30 werden die Fahrzeuge der zweiten 3er-Reihe von BMW bezeichnet. Das von dieser Baureihe abgeleitete Modell Z1 Roadster trug den gleichen Werkscode.

Der E30 wurde in wesentlich mehr Varianten als der nur zweitürig angebotene Vorgänger BMW E21 produziert. Die zweite 3er-Reihe kam Ende 1982 auf den Markt und war ab September 1983 auch als Viertürer erhältlich. Im Herbst 1985 wurden das Vollcabriolet (ohne Überrollbügel) und der erste M3 vorgestellt. Als zweiter BMW-Diesel-Pkw nach dem 1983 präsentierten Diesel-Modell der 5er-Reihe 524td kam 1985 der kleinere 324d ins BMW-Programm. Zur großen Modellpflege im September 1987 folgte eine Kombivariante mit dem bereits im Schrägheckmodell des BMW 02 verwendeten Namen Touring.

La sigla BMW E30 identifica la seconda generazione della Serie 3, un’autovettura di fascia medio-alta prodotta dal 1982 al 1992 dalla casa automobilistica tedesca BMW.

E30 je automobilska platforma na kojoj je njemački proizvođač automobila BMW proizvodio modele serije 3, u periodu od 1982. do 1994. godine. Nasljednik je platforme E21, a zamjenjen je E36 platformom. E30 je platforma na kojoj se pojavio i prvi BMW M3.

E30 serije 3 je proizvođena u četiri karoserijske izvedbe, limuzina sa 4 i 2 vrata, karavan (touring) i kabriolet. 325ix je model sa pogonom na sve četiri točka, a proizvođen je od 1988. do 1992 godine. Bio je dostupan u varziji sa dvoja i četvara vrata. Opseg motora je bio od 1,6 do 3,2 l. Mjenjač sa 4 brzine automatski, i sa 5 brzina manuelni.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E21, First generation, 1975–1981 BMW 3 Series (E21)

E21_BMW_316

bmw e21 sexz ass toples girls

E21,第一代,1975年至1981年的宝马3系(E21)E21, dì yī dài,1975 nián zhì 1981 nián de bǎomǎ 3 xì (E21)

BMW_E21_front

he first generation was a two-door saloon model only. A factory authorised cabrio version was also built by Baur.

e21 power bmw

The cockpit design of the E21 marked the introduction of a new design concept for BMW, with the center console angled towards the driver. This feature has become part of BMW’s interior design philosophy for many years. As a sign of passive safety, all edges and control elements within the interior were rounded off and padded.E21_BMW_316

Initially, all models used the BMW M10 four-cylinder engine. In 1977, the BMW M20 six-cylinder engine was added to the lineup.

e21-bbs-rs

BMW 5 E12 – 宝马5系E12

3er BMW

The BMW 5-Series

bmw_e21_by

BMW M1

BUICK Riviera 7.5 V8 Stage1

buick-riviera babes

 

buick-riviera-7.5-v8-stage1-beauty

The Riviera by Buick is an automobile produced by Buick in the United States from the 1963 to 1999 model years, with 1,127,261 produced.[1]

A full-size hardtop, a specially trimmed and stretched sedan, or a personal luxury car, the early models of the Riviera in particular have been highly praised by automotive journalists and writers.

A common misconception is that all Rivieras produced after the 1965 model are front wheel drive cars; this is true only of the 1979–1999 models. In contrast, the Riviera’s E-body stablemates, the Oldsmobile Toronado and Cadillac Eldorado (subsequent to its change in platform in 1967), were always front-wheel drive. Cadillac used the Eldorado name before 1967 when their front drive personal luxury model was introducbuick-riviera babesed.

 

buick-riviera-7.5-v8-stage1-slika-interier

 

BUICK Riviera 7.5 V8 Stage1

 

buick-riviera-7.5-v8-stage1-slika

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buick-riviera-7.5-v8-stage1-engine motor

buick-riviera-7.5-v8-stage1-images

buick-riviera-7.5-v8-stage1-logo

Buick GS Specifications – Engine and Transmission.
Buick GS Engine: The Cabriolet version of the GS model has a 7458 cc (455.1 ci) 16 valve V8 N/A Petrol engine.
Buick GS Transmission: This particular Buick GS 455 Stage 1 7.5 V8 has a 3 speed/ Auto gearbox with the power being delivered through it’s RWD system.

 

1971_Buick_Riviera_blue

 

Power and Torque Specifications.
Buick GS Power: The GS’s 7458 cc (455.1 ci) engine reaches its peak power of 350 bhp (260 kW) @ 4600 rpm.
Buick GS Torque: The Buick GS produces torque measuring 510 lb-ft (474.5 Nm) @ 2800 rpm.

 

BUICK Riviera 7.5 V8 Stage1
Buick GS Power to Weight: The GS weighs around 1702 kg (3752 lb). Power to weight can be calculated at 205.6 bhp per metric ton or alternatively as 299.6 lb-ft of torque per ton.

Buick GS Performance Specifications.
Buick GS Top Speed: The Buick GS 455 Stage 1 7.5 V8 – [1969] has a top speed of 145 mph (233.3 kph)
Buick GS Acceleration: This GS reaches 0 to 60 mph (96.6 kph) in 5.5 seconds and can cover a 1/4 mile in an estimated 13.92 seconds.

The Peugeot 505

peugeot-505-05

peugeot-505-05

The Peugeot 505 is a large family car produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot from 1979 to 1992 in Sochaux, France. The 505 was Peugeot’s last rear-wheel drive car.[3] It was also manufactured outside France, for example in Argentina by Sevel from 1981 to 1995, China, Indonesia and Nigeria.

Peugeot_505_GR

 

According to the manufacturer 1,351,254 Peugeot 505s were produced between 1978 and 1999: of these 1,116,868 were saloons/sedans.

1024px-Peugeot_505_Hobsons

 

Displacement (cc) Model Cylinder number Camshaft Fuel system Power Torque Compression ratio Notes

1796 XM7/XM7A l4 OHV Manual starter carburetor 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) 8.8:1
1971 XN1 l4 OHV Automatic starter carburetor 96 PS (71 kW; 95 hp) at 5200 rpm then 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) at 5000 rpm 16.4 kg·m (161 N·m; 119 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 8.8:1
1971 XN1A l4 OHV Automatic starter carburetor 108 PS (79 kW; 107 hp) at 5250 rpm 17.5 kg·m (172 N·m; 127 lb·ft) at 2750 rpm 8.8:1

Peugeot_505_Turbo_Familiale_1991

The Peugeot 404

1971 XN6 l4 OHV Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection USA (catalytic converter): 97 hp (72 kW) (97 hp (72 kW; 98 PS)) at 5000 rpm
Argentina (non catalytic converter): 113 CV (83 kW; 111 hp) at 5000 rpm USA (Catalytic converter): 115.7 lb·ft (157 N·m; 16 kg·m) at 3500 rpm
Argentina (non catalytic converter): 17.2 kg·m (169 N·m; 124 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 8.8:1 Reserved for the North American market. Also for the Argentine market in the SR Injection version.[14]
1995 ZEJK l4 OHC Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection 110 CV (81 kW; 108 hp) at 5250 rpm 17.4 kg·m (171 N·m; 126 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm 9.2:1 Co-developed by Peugeot and Renault, is also known as the “Douvrin Engine”.
2165 ZDJK l4 OHC Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection This was a longer stroke version of the “ZEJK” engine.
2165 ZDJL l4 OHC Bosch LE2-Jetronic (worldwide) and LU2-Jetronic (Catalyzed versions and Chile) fuel injection 130 CV (96 kW; 128 hp) at 5750 rpm 19.2 kg·m (188 N·m; 139 lb·ft) at 4250 rpm 9.8:1 Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h: 10 seconds. Top speed: 192 km/h (LU2).
2155 N9T l4 OHC Garrett Turbocharger, Bosch L-Jetronic 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) at 5200 rpm 24 kg·m (235 N·m; 174 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 7.5:1 Also known as the “Simca Type 180” engine. Top speed: 200 km/h. Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h: 8.8 seconds.
2155 N9TE l4 OHC Intercooler, Garrett turbocharger, Bosch L-Jetronic 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp) at 5200 rpm 25 kg·m (245 N·m; 181 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 8:1 Top speed: 205 km/h (127 mph).[15]
2155 N9TEA l4 OHC Intercooler, turbocharger, Bosch L-Jetronic 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) at 5200 rpm 28 kg·m (275 N·m; 203 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 8:1 This motor was equipped with an electronic boost controller. Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h: 8.4 seconds.
2849 ZN3J V6 OHC Bosch LH-Jetronic 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) at 5600 rpm 24 kg·m (235 N·m; 174 lb·ft) @ 4250 rpm 10:1 Is a version of the “PRV engine”. Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h: 9.2 seconds. Top speed: 205 km/h.

800px-Peugeot_505_Cab

 

Displacement (cc) Model Cylinder number Camshaft Fuel system Power Torque Compression ratio Notes
2304 XD2 l4 OHV 70 CV (51 kW; 69 hp) @ 4500 rpm 13.4 kg·m (131 N·m; 97 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 22.2:1 From the Peugeot 504, was used on early models, and was supplied by Peugeot to Ford for their Sierra and Granada models.
2304 XD2C l4 OHV (70 hp (49 kW))
2304 XD2S l4 OHV Garret turbocharger 80 CV (59 kW; 79 hp) @ 4150 rpm 18.8 kg·m (184 N·m; 136 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 21:1
2498 XD3 l4 OHV 76 CV (56 kW; 75 hp) @ 4500 rpm 15.3 kg·m (150 N·m; 111 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 23:1
2498 XD3T l4 OHV Garret turbocharger 95 CV (70 kW; 94 hp) @ 4150 rpm 21 kg·m (206 N·m; 152 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 21:1 It was used on 1985 (both XD2S and XD3T were available in the US in the 1985 and 1986 model years, with the smaller engine being fitted to station wagons) and newer models. Diesel engines were no longer available in the US after 1987.[17] It was supplied by Peugeot to Ford for their Scorpio model.
2498 XD3TE l4 OHV Intercooler, turbocharger 110 CV (81 kW; 108 hp)

 

 

 

Mercedes E

2014-mercedes-benz-e-clas

2014-mercedes-benz-e-clas

The Mercedes-Benz E-Class is a range of executive cars manufactured by Mercedes-Benz in various engine and body configurations. The E initially stood for Einspritzmotor (German for fuel injection engine); a new feature in volume production vehicles at the time that the E-Class first appeared, with the E as a suffix to the engine nomenclature (e.g. 230E) in the 1950s. It was not until the launch of the facelifted W124 that the E was used as a prefix (i.e., E220) and the model referred to officially as the E-Class (or E-Klasse). At this time all Mercedes cars used fuel injection and the company felt it was not necessary to add this as a distinguishing feature. Due to the E-Class’s size and durability, the cars also frequently serve as taxis in European countries. Older models like the W123 and W124 are used in Malaysia as inter-state taxis, and the W211 is used in Singapore as a taxi. Mercedes-Benz also offers special-purpose vehicles (e.g., police or ambulance modifications) from the factory

e-class-mercedes
梅赛德斯 – 奔驰E级轿车是一系列由梅赛德斯 – 奔驰在各种发动机和车身结构制造执行车。电子最初主张Einspritzmotor(德语为燃油直喷发动机);在量产车在那个E级刚出现时,用E作为后缀的发动机命名(例如230E)在20世纪50年代时的一项新功能。直到那对E作为前缀(即E220)推出的改款W124和模型称为正式的E级(或E-的Klasse)。这时所有的奔驰车使用的燃料喷射和公司认为这是没有必要增加这是一个显着特点。由于E级的尺寸和耐久性,该汽车也经常用作在欧洲国家出租车。像W123和W124老款车型均采用马来西亚国家间的士,而W211采用的是新加坡的出租车。梅赛德斯 – 奔驰还提供专用车辆(如警察或救护车的修改),从工厂

 

The Mercedes-Benz S-Class 梅赛德斯 – 奔驰S级

Méi sài dé sī – bēnchí E jí jiàochē shì yī xìliè yóu méi sài dé sī – bēnchí zài gè zhǒng fādòngjī hé chēshēn jiégòu zhìzào zhíxíng chē. Diànzǐ zuìchū zhǔzhāng Einspritzmotor (déyǔ wèi rányóu zhí pēn fādòngjī); zài liàng chǎn chē zài nàgè E jí gāng chūxiàn shí, yòng E zuòwéi hòuzhuì de fǎ dòng jī mìngmíng (lìrú 230E) zài 20 shìjì 50 niándài shí de yī xiàng xīn gōngnéng. Zhídào nà duì E zuòwéi qiánzhuì (jí E220) tuīchū de gǎi kuǎn W124 hé móxíng chēng wèi zhèngshì de E jí (huò E -de Klasse). Zhè shí suǒyǒu de bēnchí chē shǐyòng de ránliào pēnshè hé gōngsī rènwéi zhè shì méiyǒu bìyào zēngjiā zhè shì yīgè xiǎnzhe tèdiǎn. Yóuyú E jí de chǐcùn hé nàijiǔ xìng, gāi qìchē yě jīngcháng yòng zuò zài ōuzhōu guójiā chūzū chē. Xiàng W123 hé W124 lǎo kuǎn chēxíng jūn cǎiyòng mǎláixīyà guójiā jiān dí shì, ér W211 cǎiyòng de shì xīnjiāpō de chūzū chē. Méi sài dé sī – bēnchí hái tígōng zhuānyòng chēliàng (rú jǐngchá huò jiùhù chē de xiūgǎi), cóng gōngchǎng

Mercedes S 65 AMG Coupe

1 W120 ‘Ponton’ (1953–1962)
2 W110 ‘Fintail’ (1961–1968)
3 W114/W115 ‘Stroke-8′ (1968–1976)
4 W123 (1976–1986)
5 W124 (1984–1996)
6 W210 (1995–2002)
7 W211 (2002–2009)
8 W212 (2009–2012)

8.1 Initital Release
8.2 Facelift (2014–)

9 E63 AMG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrera GTS

porsche_911_carrera_gts

In fact, other Porsche insiders suggest there may yet be one or two more editions to come but either way, this model, called Carrera GTS has the potential to be one of the sweetest 997s, period.

porsche_911_carrera_gts porsche-911-carrera-gts Porsche-911-Carrera-GTS-41 porsche_911_carrera_gts_01

It takes the wider track and shell of the four-wheel-drive Carrera 4S but drives the rear wheels only. The 3.8-litre engine has the power kit installed, so it has six per cent more power than a Carrera S (now 402bhp), produced slightly further up the rev range (now 7300rpm). There’s a 4.6 per cent more torque, too (at 310lb ft), and its peak is available slightly earlier, at 4200rpm. The sports exhaust system comes as standard, incidentally.

The wider track (by 2mm at the front and 32mm at the rear) has allowed some suspension reprofiling, so you get stiffer springs and anti-roll bars. The 19in rear tyres are wider too, at 305/30. Porsche claims the GTS is “more neutral” than the Carrera S.

Cosmetically the car gets a GT3-esque, Alcantara-coated steering wheel; the material is used on the gearlever and handbrake. You lose the rear seats in the coupe, saving helping a GTS to weigh 5kg less than a Carrera S, although you can still have the rear accommodation as a no-cost option.

External styling features include a front splitter and side skirts, logos on the doors, black-painted, centre-hub wheel and similar-coloured exhaust pipes at the rear. You can also spec a 90-litre fuel tank as a no-cost option, as with the GT3.

For all this you’ll pay just under £77k in the UK, around £11k less than a GT3.

autocar.co.uk

 

 

 

Porsche 911 gts
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