The E30 was sold from 1982 through 1991 in coupe form, 1983 through 1991 in saloon form, and through 1993 in convertible form. Four-cylinder and six-cylinder petrol engines were used, with a six-cylinder diesel added in 1985. In 1986, the first all-wheel drive 3-series was produced, called the 325iX. The E30’s introductory price was nearly double that of the E21 just seven years earlier.
Initially released as a two-door coupe, the four-door saloon body style was added to the 3-series lineup in September 1983. In 1986, the station wagon (“touring”) body style became available.
The first BMW M3 was the E30 M3 coupe, which was released in 1987 and uses the S14 four-cylinder engine.
The E30 3-series was penned by Claus Luthe in 1978, the designer of the NSU Ro 80. It was produced as four and two door (often referred to as a “coupe”) saloons, two-door convertible (the M3 cabriolet was only offered for the European market), cabriolet by Baur and five-door estate (marketed as the “touring”)
The BMW M3 utilised a widened and heavily redesigned variation of the 2-door body style. The M3 shares few body parts with other E30 models; however, many M3 parts can be used on the other body styles and are interchangeable offering the consumer an OEM upgrade.
Following on from the E21, at the launch of the E30 range in 1982 it was fitted with M10 straight-4 and M20 straight-6 engines. Over the production run, the M10 was replaced with the M40 and M42, the M20 received various upgrades and the BMW S14 engine was introduced in the M3.
At the launch of the E30 range in 1982, the 316 used a 1,766 cc M10 fed by a carburetor and producing 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp), this engine allowed BMW to offer a cheap, entry-level car in the range. The 318i had the same M10 engine, but with Jetronic fuel injection, pushing power to 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) while also improving fuel economy.
The 1987 “Series 2” update introduced a new four-cylinder SOHC engine, the 1,796 cc (M40B18) with 85 kW (116 PS; 114 hp). This engine incorporated Motronic fuel injection, hydraulic valves adjusters and a belt-driven cam. The 316 was replaced by the 316i, which used a 1,596 cc M40B16, producing 75 kW (102 PS; 101 hp). Not quite as torquey as the 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) 1,766 cc M10 it replaced. Nevertheless, it offered superior performance. In South Africa and perhaps some other markets, the old M10-powered 316 continued until 1991, gaining the new bumpers when the range was updated. The 316i model (and previous 316 model) was not sold in Australia, where the base model was the 318i.
The 318iS coupe was released in 1989, soon followed by the 318i sedan and 318iC convertible. These models introduced a new engine, the chain-driven DOHC M42 1.8 L 16-valve engine w. This is the most modern engine available in the E30 range, incorporating the updated Bosch Motronic 1.3, hydraulic valve adjusters and four individual coil packs which resulted in a very high hp per liter as well as reasonable fuel economy (33mpg) and CO2 emissions (190 g/km). The excellent weight distribution of the 318iS has led to frequent comparisons with the famous E30 M3. Nicknames include “mini M3” or “poor man’s M3.”
The M3 is powered by the BMW S14 engine, a high-revving motorsport engine.
At the launch of the E30 range, the 320i (2.0 L M20 with 92 kW (125 PS; 123 hp)) and 323i (2.3 L M20 with 105 kW (143 PS; 141 hp)) were available, both using Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection. These models were not sold in North America, presumably for emissions reasons. In 1985, the 323i was replaced with a 2.5 L version of the M20, which produced 126 kW (169 hp) and used Bosch Motronic fuel injection. This engine was available in the 325i variants (including the all-wheel drive 325iX).
An economy version called the 325e (the e signifying efficiency) was released as a lower revving, more fuel efficient engine. To maximise low-rev torque, the engine was the largest available in the chassis (aside from the rare South African version which was available with the 3.3 L M30). The 2.7 L had a longer stroke than the 2.5 L, with a more restrictive head, four cam bearings instead of seven (less internal friction), and single valve springs where the 2.5l had doubled up springs. This resulted in 90 kW (122 PS; 121 hp) at 4250 rpm and, more importantly, 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) at 3250 rpm (peak torque for a 325i is 215 N·m (159 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm).
The 1987 “Series 2” update boosted the 320i to 95 kW (129 PS; 127 hp) and the 325i to 126 kW (171 PS; 169 hp) and improved fuel economy.
1982-1987 316 – 1.6 L, 90 KS (66 kW)
1982-1990 316 1.8 -1.8 L, 90 KS (66 kW)
1987-1993 316i – 1.6 L, 102 KS (75 kW)
1982-1987 318i – 1.8 L, 105 KS (77 kW)
1987-1993 318i – 1.8 L, 115 KS (85 kW)
1989-1991 318is – 1.8 L, 136 KS (100 kW)
1982-1985 320i – 2.0 L, 125 KS (92 kW)
1985-1991 320i – 2.0 L, 129 KS (95 kW)
1988-1990 320is – 2.0 L, 192 KS (141 kW)
1982-1986 323i – 2.3 L, 150 KS (110 kW)
1985-1991 325i – 2.5 L, 170 KS (125 kW)
1986-1991 325iX – 2.5 L, 170 KS (125 kW)
1986-1988 M3 – 2.3 L, 200 KS (147 kW)
1989-1991 M3 Evo – 2.3 L, 215 KS (158 kW)
1985-1991 324d – 2.4 L, 86 KS (63 kW)
1987-1991 324td – 2.4 L, 115 KS (85 kW)
1984-1985 318i – 1.8 L, 101 KS (75 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1991 318iS – 1.8 L, 134 KS (100 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1984-1991 325e – 2.7 L, 121 KS (90 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1986-1991 325es – 2.7 L, 121 KS (90 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1987-1991 325i/is – 2.5 L, 168 KS (125 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1988-1991 325ix – 2.5 L, 168 KS (125 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1988-1991 M3 – 2.3 L, 192 KS (143 kW) – Sjeverna Amerika
1984-1990 333i – 3.2 L, 197 KS (145 kW) – Južna Afrika
1988-1991 BMW 318i (E30) 2-door sedan 01.jpg
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupé
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / All-wheel drive
Related BMW M3
Mit dem Werkscode BMW E30 werden die Fahrzeuge der zweiten 3er-Reihe von BMW bezeichnet. Das von dieser Baureihe abgeleitete Modell Z1 Roadster trug den gleichen Werkscode.
Der E30 wurde in wesentlich mehr Varianten als der nur zweitürig angebotene Vorgänger BMW E21 produziert. Die zweite 3er-Reihe kam Ende 1982 auf den Markt und war ab September 1983 auch als Viertürer erhältlich. Im Herbst 1985 wurden das Vollcabriolet (ohne Überrollbügel) und der erste M3 vorgestellt. Als zweiter BMW-Diesel-Pkw nach dem 1983 präsentierten Diesel-Modell der 5er-Reihe 524td kam 1985 der kleinere 324d ins BMW-Programm. Zur großen Modellpflege im September 1987 folgte eine Kombivariante mit dem bereits im Schrägheckmodell des BMW 02 verwendeten Namen Touring.
La sigla BMW E30 identifica la seconda generazione della Serie 3, un’autovettura di fascia medio-alta prodotta dal 1982 al 1992 dalla casa automobilistica tedesca BMW.
E30 je automobilska platforma na kojoj je njemački proizvođač automobila BMW proizvodio modele serije 3, u periodu od 1982. do 1994. godine. Nasljednik je platforme E21, a zamjenjen je E36 platformom. E30 je platforma na kojoj se pojavio i prvi BMW M3.
E30 serije 3 je proizvođena u četiri karoserijske izvedbe, limuzina sa 4 i 2 vrata, karavan (touring) i kabriolet. 325ix je model sa pogonom na sve četiri točka, a proizvođen je od 1988. do 1992 godine. Bio je dostupan u varziji sa dvoja i četvara vrata. Opseg motora je bio od 1,6 do 3,2 l. Mjenjač sa 4 brzine automatski, i sa 5 brzina manuelni.